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Heat therapy is often used in physiotherapy as a supportive measure. It belongs to thermotherapy and is mainly used to treat pain and non-inflammatory diseases. In therapy, the beneficial effect of heat is used by means of various heat carriers and sources such as infrared radiators, mud packs, water baths and heat cabinets. The effect on the body or on individual parts of the body ranges from stimulating blood circulation to relaxing muscles to relieving pain and stimulating the body's own metabolism.

Here you can find out what effect heat has on your body, when heat therapy is used and which different types of heat therapy are distinguished.

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Radiation stand
Radiation stand
Radiation stand The mobile support system for infrared radiators This radiator stand is suitable for your (halogen) infrared radiator of the Heuser brand. This class I medical product has all the features needed in modern physiotherapy:...
Content 1 Stück
€1,428.00 *
-24 %
Premium Super Deluxe Warmth Storage with Natural Moor Filling
Premium Super Deluxe Warmth Storage with...
Heat carrier for effective and excellent heating of mud packs Ideally suited for professional use in therapy and medical practice. Our reusable mud heat carriers provide effective and excellent tempering of mud packs. Once heated in a...
Content 3 Stück
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Water bath
Water bath
Heating, steaming, and keeping warm with the water bath To easily implement all these things in your practice and to treat your patients in the best possible way, we offer different types of water baths: Type WB: Heating and keeping warm...
Content 1 Stück
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Infrared heater TGS
Infrared heater TGS
Treat your patients with infrared radiation! The infrared radiators TGS help you to treat your patients in physiotherapy with infrared radiation. Product details: Housing made of powder-coated aluminium/steel plate Colour white Rod...
Content 1 Stück
From €1,154.30 *
Halogen infrared radiator IRS 2
Halogen infrared radiator IRS 2
Help your patients with infrared radiation! Make you and your patients in physiotherapy benefit from therapy with infrared radiation. Product details: powder-coated housing made of sheet steel/aluminium Housing colour white/black 2...
Content 1 Stück
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Heating cabinet
Heating cabinet
Use a heating cabinet in physiotherapy to keep warm! The WS heating cabinets are designed to keep fango paraffin or silicate packs warm in physiotherapy. Therefore, we offer you two different types: Type F: Keeping fango paraffin warm in...
Halogen infrared radiator IRS
Halogen infrared radiator IRS
Treat your patients with infrared light! The IRS halogen infrared radiator makes it easy for you to treat patients in physiotherapy with infrared radiation. Product details: powder-coated housing made of sheet steel/aluminium Housing...

When is thermotherapy used?

Thermotherapy is one of the oldest forms of therapy and has become an indispensable part of competitive sports and physiotherapy. Heat supports various healing processes and leads to faster regeneration after physical exertion. It is mainly used when increased blood circulation is helpful for the recovery of the symptoms. For example, heat therapy can be used for pain caused by muscle tension or for chronic pain conditions. Heat can also be used for injured ligaments, tendons, fasciae, capsules or muscles, as it has a relaxing and regulating effect.

Areas of application for thermotherapy:

  •     For general muscle tension
  •     After operations and trauma to the musculoskeletal system
  •     For back pain
  •     For incomplete paralysis with spasmodically increased muscle tension (spastic paresis), for example as a result of a stroke.
  •     Wear-related diseases such as arthrosis, slipped discs, spinal canal stenosis
  •     Chronic joint inflammation such as rheumatism (not in the acute stage!)
  •     Functional organ complaints such as abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome
  •     Chronic respiratory diseases
  •     Chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal system
  •     For states of restlessness and agitation (psychosomatic illnesses, nervousness)

What are the different types of thermotherapy?

Thermotherapy uses different heat carriers to induce heat stimuli. Measures are often combined to achieve the desired effect. To loosen the muscles and reduce tension, heat carriers are often used after a massage. These include:

Thermotherapy with infrared:

Infrared light produces heat on the part of the body to be treated. In contrast to other forms of heat therapy, no physical heat carrier is placed directly on the skin, but only the respective part of the body is warmed with the help of the infrared lamp. The infrared light first penetrates the upper layers of the skin and then reaches deeper layers. In this way, blood circulation is stimulated and muscle relaxation is enhanced.

Moor packs:

Natural moor is a purely natural product. It is contained in so-called mud packs, which are intended for single use. These are firmly pressed natural moor that is covered with a layer of fleece and can be applied directly to the body. During treatment with mud packs, the warmth can penetrate deep into the muscle layers, as not only the affected area is reached, but also adjacent tissue.

How do I heat a heat transfer medium?

Different heat transfer media are used in thermotherapy. These heat carriers are usually heated with the help of a water bath or a heating cabinet. With the water bath, you can heat different heat transfer media such as mud packs evenly and quickly in order to provide your patient with the best therapy. Heating cabinets are also used in physiotherapy to heat or keep warm heat transfer media such as fango paraffin or silicate packs.

How does heat affect the body?

Treatment with heat has a regulating effect on the distribution of heat in both the superficial and deep tissues and leads to an intensification of the heat flow in the body. First, the heat is absorbed via receptors in the skin, the thermoreceptors. These then report to our brain the reception of the heat effect and, through neurological reactions, deeper lying parts of the body and organs are also reached. When exposed to heat, the blood capillaries are opened and the blood flow is increased. The increased blood flow then increases the removal of waste products and mediators, which can also lead to a faster recovery. Poorly supplied with blood or injured tissue can also be better supplied with messenger substances and lead to faster healing. Heat also relaxes the muscles, makes the connective tissue more flexible and increases the flowability (viscosity) of the joint fluid. Nerve pathways that run through our body are relieved in this way.

What you should bear in mind during heat therapy

For certain diseases, heat therapy is only advisable in certain situations. It may be advisable to contact a doctor as a precaution. We recommend that you be particularly careful with the use of heat in the following cases:

  •     In the case of a slipped disc
  •     In case of gout - In case of arthrosis
  •     In case of cardiovascular weakness
  •     In case of fever
  •     In case of respiratory problems
  •     Lymphoedema
  •     For skin inflammations
  •     and with high body heat


The type of heat therapy used depends on the course of the disease and the general physical condition of the patient. However, you should not forget that heat therapy is not a substitute for medical treatment, but only a supportive, beneficial measure, especially in physiotherapy.