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Compresses are indispensable when it comes to the initial treatment of larger abrasions, weeping injuries or burns. There is a wide range of uses for dressings: compresses can be used for everyday accidents in the home as well as in the medical field for operations and sports. You can read about the different types of compresses, how to apply a compression bandage correctly and other interesting information here.

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Urgo gauze compresses 7,5 cm x 7,5 cm
Urgo gauze compresses 7,5 cm x 7,5 cm
Urgo gauze compresses Sterile and non-sterile Compresses made of cotton Application areas: For supply surface wounds Composition: 100 % cotton Further features: 17-thread, made of gauze according to DIN EN 14079, 8 layers, universal use,...
Content 100 Stück
From €4.25 *
Urgo gauze compresses 7,5 cm x 7,5 cm
Urgo gauze compresses 7,5 cm x 7,5 cm
Urgo gauze compresses Sterile and non-sterile Compresses made of cotton Application areas: For supply surface wounds Composition: 100 % cotton Further features: 17-thread, made of gauze according to DIN EN 14079, 8 layers, universal use,...
Content 50 Stück
From €9.70 *
K-Active Flossingband XL
K-Active Flossingband XL
The K-Active raft straps are made of 100% natural rubber and especially suitable for "compression therapy". They are available in different widths and thicknesses, so that different body areas and heights can be treated optimally . The...
From €14.80 *
SportYMed Ice Cool
SportYMed Ice Cool
Use the cooling bandage for sports injuries, contusions, compressions and swellings. With a high evaporative cooling effect, you achieve a long lasting cooling (up to 2 hours). For storage, you can use the resealable tin.
Content 1 Stück
€9.52 *

What is a compress?

A compress is a wound dressing made from a piece of fleece, gauze or folded cotton or polyester cloth. The word compress literally means "to squeeze" and, as the name suggests, is intended to provide a degree of compression through pressure. It is used to protect the wound and, when applied correctly, the compress can help stop bleeding injuries. They can be applied dry or with an ointment, depending on the type of wound. However, there are also compresses that are not used for wound care, such as a fin bandage. It is wrapped around limbs to mobilise joints.

What types of compresses are there?

Compresses differ in material, their composition, the purpose they are intended to serve. They are mainly used in combination with a dressing for the (initial) treatment of wounds or act as an ointment carrier or padding material.

Gauze dressings

Gauze dressings are made of viscose or defatted cotton. The fabric is soft, wide-meshed, and permeable to air. Gauze compresses are mainly used as wound dressings for open and heavily weeping wounds, as they absorb blood and wound secretions particularly well. Gauze dressings are available in both sterile and non-sterile versions. The great advantage of gauze dressings is that they hardly fluff and do not stick to the wound so easily.

Absorbent dressings

Absorbent dressings are used to collect the secretions from heavily oozing or bleeding wounds. They are usually thicker than simple gauze dressings and thus provide an additional cushion to protect the wound from external influences. These compresses are impermeable to fluids on the outside.

The other type of compression: the fin tape

The floss band, just like wound compresses, also provides compression, but in a completely different way. In flossing, a 2 - 3m long elastic band is wrapped around the affected limb with tight tension. The limb in question should then be actively or passively moved for about 2 minutes. The aim of flossing is to mobilise limbs and thereby restore full range of motion. This is because compression, and thus undersupply of the area, is followed by increased circulation: fresh body fluids can flow into the area and supply it with new nutrients.

Non-sterile or sterile compresses?

Compresses are available both sterile and non-sterile. With a sterile compress, you are always on the safe side, because then germs and bacteria have no chance to multiply in the wound. They are usually larger and are used to treat larger and deeper wounds as well as surgical wounds. Non-sterile compresses are very suitable for minor injuries or for ointment dressings. But when is a compress actually considered sterile? The prerequisite for this is that it is completely free of microorganisms, viruses, and bacteria in its packaging. This is the only way to ensure that no foreign bodies get into the wound.

Applying a pressure dressing with a compress: This is how it works!

The aim of a pressure dressing is to treat serious injuries quickly and to promote wound healing. The dressing is intended to prevent the patient from losing a large amount of blood, but it is also used for severe bruises. As a rule, pressure bandages are only applied to the limbs or the head.

1. Elevate the injured part of the body and apply pressure on the bleeding above the wound.

2. Clean/disinfect the wound. If a large foreign body is stuck in the wound: Do not remove it yourself!

3. Apply compress(es) and wrap with a bandage with strong tension several times (but not yet with the entire bandage).

4. Place pressure pad over the wound.

5. Secure the pressure pad with the remaining fabric of the dressing.

6. Finally fix the bandage with a plaster or a staple.

How can I prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound?

If the dressing sticks to the wound during dressing changes, loosening the dressing can become an unpleasant affair. Only in the least cases can sticking together of wound and dressing be avoided, e.g., with a hydrocolloid plaster. Thanks to their gel pad, they do not stick to the wound, but they cannot be used on every type of wound. But how do you change the compress and dressing without problems? If the wound may get wet, we recommend soaking the dressing in lukewarm water beforehand so that it can be easily removed. An ointment suitable for the wound can also help to prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound. If water should not get to the wound, you should use a medical irrigation solution.

When should I change my dressing?

When is the right time to change the old dressing for a new one depends on the condition of the wound. If the wound secretes a lot and weeps, the dressing and the compress should be changed regularly. We also advise changing the dressing if moisture or dirt gets on the wound due to external influences. The wound can heal better under the dressing than in the air. This is because no germs or bacteria can get into the injury there. However, you should not change the dressing and bandage too often, because otherwise the healing process of the wound will be disturbed again and again.

Compress or plaster

Here, too, the decisive factor is the condition of the wound. For minor injuries such as abrasions, scratches or small cuts, a plaster is quite sufficient. The situation is different if the wound is oozing or bleeding heavily. Then you should use a compress in combination with a (gauze) bandage, because it can absorb the wound secretion much better. As soon as the wound is smaller and has healed, you can use a plaster again to be on the safe side.